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Global Issue

 

“Pull Out Resources, Do Not Fuel Abuses”


The operations and activities of oil industry takes place at the most challenging sites of the world (on or off shore) and experiences intricate human rights-related concerns. 
Human rights abuse cases often go together well with oil industry operations. In the process of extricating resources, the land, water and air can get polluted, which can be devastating for health and livelihoods of local people as well as for global environment.  Economic benefits are often barred for native residents. In majority of the cases, oil companies start operations without disclosing important practical facts and key information to indigenous inhabitants.
Human rights are fundamental values intended to secure self-respect and equality for all. These include the rights mentioned in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. A range of basic rights and freedoms has been set out in these conventions, declarations and treaties. Universally-acknowledged human rights also include the doctrines relating to fundamental rights set out in the International Labour Organisation’s (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.
Diligent oil and gas companies have become increasingly active in recent years in understanding and addressing the range of human rights issues linked to their operations. They recognise that they can both positively and negatively impact their staff, the workers in their supply chains, or the communities around their operations.
The Guiding Principles collectively endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2011 have now become the authoritative international reference point on oil and gas business and human rights. These guiding principles are based on the three pillars of the UN “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework. These guiding principles on business and human rights, regional human rights strategies, local governments’ policies on corporate social responsibility are all binding documents. Most of these frameworks and principle are developed through exhaustive consultations with oil and gas companies, trade union representatives and representatives of human rights organizations and are expected to be regarded by O&G sector. 
Globalisation’s potential should be used for positive changes. No doubt, globalization can help improve the living standards worldwide through intercontinental connectivity of innovative powers of people and enterprises. But the endmost goal of emerging and expanding economies should be to promote human development. The globalization needs to be adapted parallel with international norms. It is an integral part of corporate responsibility to ensure the harmonization of globalization with local social structures, economic growth, greater respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms as well as prevention of humanitarian crisis. 


Written by: Khalid Group of Petroleum